Action Research: Analyzing the Roles of Online Technologies in PBL

According to Craig A. Mertler (2016), author of Action Research: Improving Schools and Empowering Educators,  action research is a systematic inquiry that can be used to measure instructional methods and innovative approaches in instructional design, in this case, my innovation plan: Project Based eLearning (PBeL). Action research allows teachers, administrators, counselors, and other professionals to better understand and improve the quality or effectiveness of those instructional methods and innovative approaches.

The general process of conducting action research is a four-stage procedure:

  1. The planning stage
  2. The acting stage
  3. The developing stage
  4. The reflecting stage

The planning stage

The planning stage consists of four “sub-stages”:

  • Identifying and limiting the topic
  • Gathering information
  • Reviewing related literature
  • Developing a research plan

In the following presentation, I have completed the first sub-stage of the planning stage, identifying and limiting the topic:


For the second and third sub-stages, I have gathered information and reviewed related literature:

  • Click here to read the literature review in WordPress.
  • Click here to view the document in Google Docs.

To complete the planning stage of the action research, I have developed a research plan in the form of a timeline:


I recognize that the action research outline and plan is general in its terms and deadlines, especially the last three stages, but nothing can be set in stone until we are at a much closer date. There are many more details to configure and those will also be addressed later. The purpose of this document is to get an idea of what action research is, what it entails, how it is conducted, and the results and impact it may have on a professional and educational setting.

Mertler, C. A. (2016). Action Research: Improving Schools and Empowering Educators (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications


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